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Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen

MILAN Fondazione Prada by OMA

意大利,米兰 | Milan, Italy

©OMA

普拉达基金会位于米兰南部边缘的拉戈伊萨尔科(Largo Isarco)工业园区,前身是一家杜松子酒酿酒厂,始建于1910年。普拉达基金会的新家园是一座新建筑和再生建筑的综合体,包括仓库、实验室和酿酒厂,以及围绕一个大庭院的新建筑。

Located in a former gin distillery dating from 1910 in the Largo Isarco industrial complex on the southern edge of Milan, the new home of Fondazione Prada is a coexistence of new and regenerated buildings including warehouses, laboratories and brewing silos, as well as new buildings surrounding a large courtyard.

Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen

该综合体旨在扩展空间类型的剧目,艺术可以在其中展出。该项目由7座现有建筑和3个新结构组成:平台,一个临时展览空间;电影院、多媒体礼堂;和托瑞,一个九层的永久展览空间,用来展示基金会的收藏和活动。

The complex aims to expand the repertoire of spatial typologies in which art can be exhibited. The project consists of seven existing buildings, and three new structures: Podium, a space for temporary exhibitions; Cinema, a multimedia auditorium; and Torre, a nine-story permanent exhibition space for displaying the foundation’s collection and activities.

模型 ©OMA
模型 ©OMA

在Largo Isarco综合体的周边存在着两个独立的结构:一个平面和方形,另一个更加垂直。近距离观察,广场建筑没有提供吸引人的可能性,并被拆除,使庭院成为露天使用的重要元素。Deposito,现有建筑的西部边缘复杂,适用于管理者的智慧:在地下室,这个基金会的收藏是安排在一个混合严格的存储和部分显示,创建“chambers”等一批艺术家合作的汽车可以打开或半向公众开放。

Within the perimeter of the Largo Isarco complex existed two freestanding structures: one flat and square and the second more vertical. On close inspection, the square building did not offer attractive possibilities and was demolished, enabling the courtyard to become a significant element for open-air use. The Deposito, an existing building on the west edge of the complex, is adapted for curatorial ingenuity: in its basement, the Fondazione’s collection is arranged in a hybrid of strict storage and partial display, creating ‘chambers’ where work such as a fleet of artists’ cars can be unpacked or half opened to the public.

这座位于大会堂东面的独立建筑被称为Cisterna,分为三个房间,内部有三个“讲坛”,与外部阳台相连。它的结构暗示了一种精确的工业需求,现在解读为一种准宗教环境。电影院就像一个独立的细胞在院子里。有了大的双折叠门,它可以立即连接到庭院。在内部,倾斜的座位可以转换成一个平坦的地板,允许空间用于举办户外活动或作为额外的,有顶棚的画廊空间。

The freestanding object to the east of the Great Hall, dubbed the Cisterna, is divided in three rooms with three interior ‘pulpits’ connected to an exterior balcony. Its configuration suggests a precise industrial need that now reads as a quasi-religious environment. The Cinema acts as an autonomous cell within the compound. With large bi-fold doors, it can be instantly connected to the courtyard. Inside, the raked seating can be converted into a flat floor, allowing the space to be used for staging outdoor events or as additional, covered gallery space.

Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Iwan Baan

四个“houses”面对着北面的庭院,南面是一个废弃的花园,里面有Fondazione的办公室和永久性画廊。在他们的范围内坐落着“鬼屋”,一个现有的建筑,其外部完全覆盖着金色油漆。内部,内部的亲密尺度为特定的作品创造了一个“家庭”环境。相邻的平台形成了基地的中心,位于两个垂直轴线的交点。这个附加部分结合了两个截然不同的体量:一层的全玻璃、无柱平台。顶部是另一个覆盖着泡沫铝的画廊空间,上面有气泡图案。两个画廊都为临时展览和活动提供了大型、多用途的区域。

Four ‘houses’ that face the courtyard to the north and an abandoned garden to the south accommodate Fondazione offices and permanent galleries. Within their confines sits the ‘Haunted House’, an existing building with its exterior covered entirely in gold leaf. Inside, the intimate scale of its interiors generates a ‘domestic’ setting for specific works. Adjacent, the Podium forms the center of the compound, sitting at the intersection of the two perpendicular axes through the site. This addition combines two volumes of very different qualities: a fully glazed, column-free podium on the ground floor. Resting on top is another gallery space clad in aluminum foam , with a bubbled pattern. Both galleries provide large, multi-purpose areas for temporary exhibitions and events.

Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Charlie Koolhaas
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Charlie Koolhaas

塔楼位于建筑群的西北角,容纳了特定的设施,以及餐厅、接待空间和客人设施。其他楼层,随着高度的逐渐增加,将容纳场地特定的设施,并提供复合和城市的交替视图。

Situated on the north-west corner of the compound, the Tower houses site specific installations, as well as a restaurant, a reception space and guest facilities. The other floors, with gradually increasing heights, will accommodate site specific installations and provide alternating views of the compound and the city.

Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen

令人惊讶的是,艺术系统的巨大扩展发生在艺术展示的类型学的减少。显然,让每个人都满意的是,废弃的工业空间已经成为艺术的默认偏好——之所以吸引人,是因为其可预测的条件并不会挑战艺术家的意图——偶尔也会以独特的建筑姿态活跃起来。普拉达基金会(Fondazione Prada)的新项目也是在一个曾经的工业综合体中进行的,但它的空间环境有着不同寻常的多样性。在这个剧目之外,我们还增加了三座新建筑——一个大型展览馆、一座塔和一个电影院——因此,新的普拉达基金会除了艺术藏品外,还代表了一个真正的建筑空间集合。

It is surprising that the enormous expansion of the art system has taken place in a reduced number of typologies for art’s display. To apparently everybody’s satisfaction, the abandoned industrial space has become art’s default preference – attractive because its predictable conditions do not challenge the artist’s intentions – enlivened occasionally with exceptional architectural gestures. The new Fondazione Prada is projected in a former industrial complex too, but one with an unusual diversity of spatial environments. To this repertoire, we are adding three new buildings – a large exhibition pavilion, a tower, and a cinema – so that the new Fondazione Prada represents a genuine collection of architectural spaces in addition to its holdings in art.

Fondazione Prada by OMA ©OMA
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©OMA
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Ela Bialowska
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Ela Bialowska
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Charlie Koolhaas
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Charlie Koolhaas
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Ela Bialowska
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Ela Bialowska

Fondazione不是一个保护项目,也不是一个新的建筑。这两种情况通常是分开的,它们以一种永久相互作用的状态相互对抗——提供一组片段,这些片段不会凝聚成一幅图像,也不会让任何部分支配其他部分。新的、旧的、水平的、垂直的、宽的、窄的、白的、黑的、开放的、封闭的——所有这些对比建立了新的Fondazione的对立面的范围。通过引入如此多的空间变量,体系结构的复杂性将促进不稳定的、开放的编程,艺术和体系结构将从彼此的挑战中受益。

The Fondazione is not a preservation project and not a new architecture. Two conditions that are usually kept separate here confront each other in a state of permanent interaction – offering an ensemble of fragments that will not congeal into a single image, or allow any part to dominate the others. New, old, horizontal, vertical, wide, narrow, white, black, open, enclosed – all these contrasts establish the range of oppositions that define the new Fondazione. By introducing so many spatial variables, the complexity of the architecture will promote an unstable, open programming, where art and architecture will benefit from each other’s challenges.

Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen
Fondazione Prada by OMA ©Bas Princen

项目地点:意大利米兰

项目客户:Prada 基金会

完成年份:2008年-2018年

项目状态:已完成

项目建筑师:Federico Pompignoli

概念团队:

  • Sam Aitkenhead
  • Doug Allard
  • Joshua Beck
  • Andrea Bertassi
  • Aleksandr Bierig
  • Rocio Paz Chavez
  • Eva Dietrich
  • Jonah Gamblin
  • Stephen Hodgson
  • Takuya Hosokai
  • Jan Kroman
  • Paul-Emmanuel Lambert
  • Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli
  • Jedidiah Lau
  • Francesco Marullo
  • Vincent McIlduff
  • Alexander Menke
  • Aoibheann Ni Mhearain
  • Sophie van Noten
  • Christopher Parlato
  • Jan Pawlik
  • Dirk Peters
  • Alexander Reichert
  • Andrea Sollazzo
  • Michaela Tonus
  • Luca Vigliero
  • Jussi Vuori
  • Mei-Lun Xue

设计团队:

  • Steven Yingnien Chen
  • Anna Dzierzon
  • Jonah Gamblin
  • Hans Hammink
  • Ross Harrison
  • Matthew Jull
  • Vincent Konate
  • Taiga Koponen
  • Vincent McIlduff
  • Andres Mendoza
  • Susanan Mondejar
  • Federico Pompignoli
  • Sasha Smolin
  • Michaela Tonus

施工团队:

  • Mariacristina Agnello
  • Katarina Barunica
  • Matteo Budel
  • Marco Cimenti
  • Marco Cimenti
  • Chris van Duijn
  • ‎Anita Ernődi
  • Felix Fassbinder
  • Peter Feldmann
  • Siliang Fu
  • Jonah Gamblin
  • Andrea Giovenzana
  • Romina Grillo
  • Clive Hennessey
  • Taiga Koponen
  • Nicolas Lee
  • Roy Lin
  • Débora Mateo
  • Vincent McIlduff
  • Andres Mendoza
  • Pawel Panfiluk
  • Caterina Pedò
  • Marton Pinter
  • Cecilia del Pozo
  • Victor Pricop
  • Arminas Sadzevicius
  • Magdalena Stanescu
  • Lingxiao Zhang

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