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阿姆斯特丹 Oostlijn地铁线路改造

感谢来自GROUP A的分享 | Thanks for share from GROUP A.

荷兰 阿姆斯特丹 | Amsterdam, Netherlands

Oostlijn地铁线Wibautstraat地铁站入口 ©Amsterdam
Wibautstraat地铁站入口 ©Amsterdam

建筑工作室GROUP A最近完成了对阿姆斯特丹地铁的Oostlijn(东线)的翻新工程。该项目包括5个地下站和11个地上站。Oostlijn从中央火车站开往阿姆斯特丹Zuidoost,部分地下,部分地高于地面。它建于七十年代,具有标志性的野兽风格。

Architectural studio GROUP A has recently completed renovating the Oostlijn (East bound Line) of the Amsterdam Metro. The project includes 5 underground and 11 above ground stations. The Oostlijn runs from the Central Station to Amsterdam Zuidoost, partially underground and partially elevated above ground. It was built in the seventies in a signature brutalist style.

Madeweg地铁站台
van der Madeweg地铁站台 ©Amsterdam
Madeweg地铁站台 ©Amsterdam
van der Madeweg地铁站台 ©Amsterdam

多年来,原始建筑的清晰度变得模糊不清。由于后来的修改,这条线的身份逐渐消失了。乘客抱怨缺乏安全、舒适和整体脏污。地铁运营商迫切需要一个明确的策略,包括寻路、广告、售票和商业标识。逃生路线太窄,没有合适的排烟口。简而言之,空间站不再具备面向未来的装备。

Over the years, the clarity of the original architecture had become muddled. The line’s identity faded because of subsequent modifications. Passengers complained of a lack of safety, comfort and overall smudginess. The metro operator was in desperate need of a clear strategy regarding wayfinding, advertisement, ticket vending and commercial signage. Escape routes were too narrow and a proper smoke exhaust was lacking. In short, the stations were no longer equipped to face the future.

Waterlooplein地铁站
Waterlooplein地铁站 ©Amsterdam

GROUP A 在提升社会保障、舒适和身份认同的基础上,发展了一个设计愿景。他们的目标是创造一个功能齐全、组织合理、使用方便的现代地铁系统。建筑师们提议在不否认地铁线路的野兽派DNA,甚至不拆除它的情况下实现这一目标。而是建立在它之上。

GROUP A developed a design vision, based on enhancing social security, comfort and identity. Their aim was to create a modern metro system which functions adequately, is comprehensibly organised, and pleasant to use. The architects proposed to achieve this without denying the brutalist DNA of the metro line or even demolish it. But instead build upon it.

Holendrecht地铁站
Holendrecht地铁站 ©Amsterdam
Holendrecht地铁站
Holendrecht地铁站 ©Amsterdam

所有16个站点都不一样,所以GROUP A首先将设计愿景发展为通用设计。这包括一套一般的场地非特定设计干预措施,其中最重要的是:

All 16 stations are different, so GROUP A first evolved the design vision into a Generic Design. This consisted of a set of general site unspecific design interventions, of which the most important are:

Wibautstraat地铁站口
Wibautstraat地铁站口 ©Amsterdam

透明度 Transparency 

GROUP A 通过在入口附近创造大的空隙来增加车站的透明度。这在不同层次之间创造了一个整体,扩大了乘客的安全感。它也将阳光带入车站大厅,使其具有自然的朝向。

GROUP A added transparency to the stations by creating large voids near the entrances. This creates overview between different levels and enlarges the passengers’ feeling of safety. It also brings daylight deeper into the station halls which allows for natural orientation.

Wibautstraat地铁站
Wibautstraat地铁站 ©Amsterdam

集群 Clusters

所有的寻路、广告和售票元素都集中在中心位置,光线充足,一眼就能看到。集群基于模块化设计——易于维护和适应未来的变化。

All wayfinding, advertisement and ticket vending elements are clustered on central locations, well lit and instantly visible. The clusters are based on a modular design – easy to maintain and accommodate future changes.

Waterlooplein地铁站
Waterlooplein地铁站 ©Amsterdam
Waterlooplein地铁站
Waterlooplein地铁站 ©Amsterdam

间接照明 Indirect Lighting

墙壁和天花板定向点强调了原有车站的空间品质。对于上面的地面站,采用非常高的混凝土天花板,建筑师设计了一条集光源、摄像机和扬声器于一体的光源线。

Wall and ceiling directed spots emphasize the spatial qualities of the original stations. For the above ground stations, with very high concrete ceilings, the architects designed a lightline with light spots, cameras and speakers integrated.

新材料 New materials

与原混凝土表面形成对比的是,GROUP A 增加了玻璃、硬木、琉璃瓦等新材料。丰富的材料,易于清洁和呼吁的舒适感。

In contrast to the original concrete surfaces, GROUP A added new materials like glass, hardwood and glazed tiles. Rich materials that are easy to clean and appeal to a sense of comfort.

Weesperplein地铁站 硬木扶手细部
Nieuwmarkt地铁站 硬木扶手细部 ©Amsterdam
Weesperplein地铁站 座椅细部
Weesperplein地铁站 座椅细部 ©Amsterdam
Nieuwmarkt混泥土承重柱与硬木座椅细部
Nieuwmarkt混泥土承重柱与硬木座椅细部 ©Amsterdam
Weesperplein地铁站混凝土结构
Weesperplein地铁站混凝土结构 ©Amsterdam

图标 Identity

图案和车站名称设计在模块系统的墙砖,以创建一个Oostlijn特定的“字母表”。这个图形层绑定并加强了Oostlijn的整体身份。

Patterns and stations names were designed in the modular system of the wall tiles to create an Oostlijn specific “alphabet”. This graphical layer binds and strengthens the Oostlijn’s overall identity.

Weesperplein地铁站图标墙
Weesperplein地铁站图标墙 ©Amsterdam
Spaklerweg地铁站图标墙
Spaklerweg地铁站图标墙 ©Amsterdam

该项目预算有限,没有中断日常通勤交通。经过近十年的努力,Oostlijn现在又一次成为阿姆斯特丹公共空间的功能性、可理解性和愉悦性的补充。为未来30年打下良好基础。

The project was carried out with limited budget and without interrupting daily commuter traffic. After almost ten years of hard work, the Oostlijn has now once more become a functional, comprehensible, and pleasant addition to public space in Amsterdam. A good basis for the next 30 years.

Waterlooplein地铁站
Waterlooplein地铁站 ©Amsterdam
Wibautstraat地铁站入口
Wibautstraat地铁站入口 ©Amsterdam
van der Madeweg地铁站
van der Madeweg地铁站 ©Amsterdam

客户:阿姆斯特丹地铁

地址:奥斯特林(东行),阿姆斯特丹

项目类型:站改造

区域:地下| 5座,地上11座(60.140平方米)

建筑室内设计:Group A

产品设计与标识:Fabrique

承包商:Hegeman +

安装:De Groot installatiegroep

灯光设计:BeersNielsen

瓷砖设计:Atelier René Knip 

开始时间:2009年5月

开始改造|施工:2016年4月

完成时间:2018年12月

摄影:Digidaan

CLIENT 
Metro en Tram Amsterdam 

ADDRESS 
Oostlijn (East bound Line), Amsterdam 

PROJECT TYPE 
station renovation

AREA
5 underground | 11 above ground stations (60.140 m2)

ARCHITECT 
GROUP A 

PRODUCT DESIGN & IDENTITY 
Fabrique 

CONTRACTOR 
Hegeman+ 

INSTALLER De Groot installatiegroep 

LIGHT DESIGN 
BeersNielsen 

TILE TABLEAUS
Atelier René Knip 

START DESIGN
May 2009 

START RENOVATION | BUILDING 
April 2016 

COMPLETION 
December 2018 

PHOTOGRAPHY 
Digidaan

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