The Steve Jobs Theater | Foster+Partners
苹果（Apple）与福斯特建筑事务所（Foster + Partners）合作八年之际（2017年），在苹果公园创作了非凡的史蒂夫·乔布斯剧院（The Steve Jobs Theater）。
苹果首席设计官乔纳森·伊夫(Sir Jonathan Ive)表示:“史蒂夫·乔布斯剧院是我们聚会的地方。它提供了一个机会，让我们的朋友和游客体验苹果公园，并不时分享我们令人兴奋的新产品。我们非常努力地创造了一个独特的简单和美丽的环境。”
The recently opened Steve Jobs Theater embodies the extraordinary eight-year collaboration between Apple and “Foster + Partners” at Apple Park.
Sir Jonathan Ive, Chief Design Officer at Apple, said: “The Steve Jobs Theater is a place for us to gather. It provides an opportunity for our friends and visitors to experience Apple Park and, from time to time, share in the excitement of our new products. We worked incredibly hard to create a uniquely simple and beautiful environment.”
Positioned atop a small hill, some way into the park, the Theater is reached via a gentle, winding walk through verdant parkland. This offers an opportunity to slow down before you begin a carefully choreographed sequence of architectural experiences.
福斯特建筑事务所(Foster + Partners)创始人兼执行董事长的Norman Foster说：“该建筑始于史蒂夫乔布斯的想法，苹果公园应该拥有一个1000人的剧院。他亲手布局了大厅与剧场，来定义整栋建筑。他只希望剧院建筑能被人看到时，像是公园里的一颗“宝石”一样被人发现。为了实现这一点，我们删除了建筑的多余的结构部分，在大堂和景观之间创造了微妙的关系，并在内部故意添加了惊喜元素。”
Norman Foster, Founder and Executive Chairman, Foster + Partners, recounted: “Right at the outset, Steve stressed that Apple Park should have its own theater for 1,000 people. He set in place the sequence of spaces – lobby, theater, and hands-on space – that define the building. He wanted just the lobby to be visible and for it to be discovered like a “jewel” in the park. To achieve this, we submerged the rest of the structure, creating a delicate relationship between the lobby and landscape with a deliberate element of surprise within.”
To create the jewel, a lens-shaped roof rests gently on a transparent 22-foot- (6.6-meter-) tall and 135-foot- (41.1-meter-) diameter glass cylinder. While appearing to float effortlessly, it is in fact the largest carbon-fiber roof in the world, weighing 80.7 tons (73.2 metric tons). Pushing the limits of materiality even further, just four layers of glass form the structural support. The glass is all that holds up the roof – there is not a single column. It is the largest all-glass-supported structure in the world.
The thin roof disc comprises 44 identical radial panels, which were assembled on-site and carefully craned into position onto the completed glass cylinder in a single lift. All its services, such as electric conduits and sprinkler pipes, are invisibly integrated within the thin silicone joints between the curved glass panels.
- The Theater lobby draws inspiration from the technology of glass stairs and glass facades developed for Apple retail stores and takes it to a new level.
- It is the largest glass-supported structure in the world.
- Each 9.8-foot (3-meter) by 22-foot (6.7-meter) glass panel is a four-ply laminate and two inches thick.
- Sprinkler pipes, power, data, audio, and security run through conduits concealed in the 44 silicon joints between glass panels.
- The glazing features the first curved, laminated glass fittings in the world.
- The facade and roof are base-isolated from the ground and designed to withstand up to magnitude eight earthquakes.
Foster + Partners高级执行合伙人斯蒂芬·贝林(Stefan Behling)说:“这个想法非常简单:一个精致的悬空屋顶，在美丽的加州风景中提供庇护场所。”让它感觉毫不费力是我们必须解决的最困难的技术和工程挑战之一。
Stefan Behling, Senior Executive Partner, Foster + Partners, commented: “The idea is very simple: a delicate hovering roof providing shelter in the middle of a beautiful Californian landscape. Making it feel effortless was among the hardest technical and engineering challenges we’ve ever had to solve.”
剧院的Serpeggiante Castagna石灰岩源自意大利南部的巴里，是专门为Apple Park挑选和采购的。
Originating from Bari in the south of Italy, the Serpeggiante Castagna limestone in the Theater was specifically selected and sourced for Apple Park.
Cutting-edge modeling and advanced five-axis milling machines were used under the watchful eyes of Italian craftspeople. Each piece was hand sanded, finished, and sandblasted before being mounted to check for alignment.For the complex pieces at the top and bottom of the stairway, the artisans had to take over,manually sculpting the handrail termination and making sure of precise alignments with their machined counterparts.The stone wall takes only 11 seconds to open completely. When completely open, the entrance to the underground theater is 50 feet (15.2 meters) wide.
The Steve Jobs Theater’s glass elevator stands at 42 feet (12.8 meters) high.The elevator uses three helical guide rails to rotate the elevator car 171 degrees, moving it fromone level to the next.It is the first passenger elevator in the world to rotate on helical guides and is believed to be the tallest free-standing, glass elevator in the world.The elevator uses extremely strong, chemically-tempered glass from Italy.Almost all the internal structure for the elevator cab was milled from solid aluminum, with all components arranged and tuned to create an ideal strength to weight ratio,The elevator was designed, engineered and fabricated by seven companies, with the help of California State Elevator Board, over two and a half years.
The fan-shaped plan of the auditorium and the curving rows of seats were designed to create a feeling of intimate proximity with the person on stage as well as between members of the audience.Milled from solid domestic white oak, the wooden fins that line the auditorium’s interior help to dissipate sound and also contribute to the warmer interior characteristic of the auditorium.
intermittent fabric panels between each fin absorb amplified sound, limiting reflections back into the audience. They also conceal a network of more than 40 wall-speakers.
Capacity：1,000 Seat auditorium