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除了CAD还有BIM!


什么是BIM?

BIM代表建筑信息模型(Building Information Modeling)。BIM用于创建建筑物的物理和功能特征的数字模型。它也是一种工作方法,也是一种在整个建筑的生命周期中管理信息的方法。BIM不仅限于特定工具或程序。

BIM stands for Building Information Modelling. BIM is used to create digital models of the physical and functional characteristics of a building. It is also a working method, and a way of managing information throughout a building’s life cycle. BIM is not limited to specific tools or programs.

AUTODESK的MIB软件-REVIT

施工各方之间的综合合作

BIM可以由拥有或从事设计,建造或管理设施或建筑的任何人 – 无论是建筑师,承包商,客户,管理人员和服务供应商 – 在不同部门之间进行有条理的互动。

BIM与3D CAD(计算机辅助设计 Computer Aided Design)建模不同。CAD的基本目的是说明并帮助人们可视化未来建筑的外观。BIM也可以这样做,但BIM还包括有关建筑应如何运作的详细信息。

BIM can be used by anyone that owns or works on designing, constructing or managing a facility or building – be they architects, contractors, clients, managers and service suppliers – in a methodical interaction across different sectors.

BIM is not the same as 3D CAD (Computer Aided Design) modelling. The basic purpose of CAD is to illustrate and help people to visualise the appearance of a future building. BIM can also do this, yet BIM also includes detailed information on how a building should function.

建筑特征模拟

BIM还包括有关组件细节和规格,材料,结构载荷信息,气流,水流,空间关系,成本和物体结构,火灾,声音和其他特征,单价,寿命等信息的信息。交货时间,运营成本和环境影响等。

例如,使用BIM,建筑师和结构工程师可以模拟风如何在建筑物周围移动,以及如果建筑物的结构或表面材料发生变化,通风和风速将如何变化。

BIM also includes information on component details and specifications, materials, information on structural loads, air flows, water flows, spatial relations, costs and information on objects’ structure, fire, sound and other characteristics, unit prices, lifetimes, delivery times, operating costs and environmental impacts, and so on.

Using BIM, architects and structural engineers can, for example, simulate how the wind will move around and through a building, and how ventilation and wind speed will change if the building’s structure or surface material is altered.

更有效

在整个建筑的生命周期中 – 从构思到融资,建设,持续运营和拆除,数字建筑模型是所有建筑项目活动的中心,以及各方之间的合作。BIM意味着双方之间更紧密的合作,并扩展到参与项目的每个参与者。

当所有参与者都在BIM工作时,这会将想法,融资,建设和持续运营等所有内容放在更加安全,有效和简化的基础上。

Throughout the building’s life cycle – from idea to financing, building, ongoing operation, and demolition, digital building models are at the hub of all construction project activities, and the cooperation between the various parties. BIM means closer cooperation between the parties and extends to every player taking part in a project.

When all players work in BIM, this puts everything from idea to financing, construction and ongoing operation on a more secure, effective and streamlined basis.